A UK university is paying the cost for a screw-up of heart-palpitating proportions after they gave two students a dosage of caffeine equivalent to3 00 cups of coffee during a botched lab experiment.
The experiment was carried out at Northumbria University faculty of Health and Life Science in March 2015. The suit recently appeared at Newcastle Crown Court, as reported by local news Sunderland Echo.
Very quickly after receiving the dose, the 20 -year-old sports science students suffered “violent” side effects, including dizziness, blurred vision, physical shake, and a rapid heartbeat. They were then admitted to intensive care for dialysis, a medical procedure used to remove waste and excess water from the blood, usually used in people for reduced kidney function. The pair remained in intensive care for several days.
Their experiment was meant to test the effect of caffeine on physical workouts. As part of the experiment, the two men drank a solution of orange juice, water, and caffeine powder. Disarray passed because the lab worked out the doses on a mobile phone calculator and theyaccidentally moved the decimal point. The university also said they previously used caffeine tablets for these kinds of experimentations, but switched to pure caffeine powder over the past fewyears.
The blunder meant the students were dosed up with 30.7 and 32 grams( 1 and 1.1 ounces) of caffeine each, instead of 0.3 grams( 0.01 ounces ). For view, a typical coffee-shop brew contains around 0.1 grams( 0.003 ounces) of caffeine and people have previously died as a result of having as little as 18 grams( 0.6 ounces ).
Northumbria University told the court it was deeply, genuinely sorry and had to dish up 400,000 ($ 504,100) to the students in compensation for the highly unpleasant and “life-threatening” experience.
The two men both suffered weight loss following the mess-up and one of them reported short-term memory loss. Thankfully, theyre now back to a healthy state again.
These lists ask us to compare television apples and orangesa revival series resurrecting the zippy banter of a mom and a daughter to the maze-meandering psychodrama or an Old West robot theme parkmaking the resulting rankings resemble somewhat of a Tv fruit basket, and one not nearly big enough to hold the years impressive bounty.
So it is with bloodshot eyes and a handful of bedsores that we present to you our list of Best Shows of 2016. There were over 400 reveals on Tv last year. Suffice it to say that our taste might not jibe with yours. Thats OK. But we watch a lot of Tv and this is what we think.
20. Stranger Things
The simplest thing a good reveal needs to do is often the hardest: only entertain. Gauging by its full-throttle dominance of the zeitgeist, few reveals executed that basic mandate more successfully than Stranger Things. Creators the Duffer Brother built a painstaking( though blissful, for us) homage to 80 s cinema and sci-fi paranoia, eliciting E.T ., Poltergeist, Alien, Jaws, Gremlins, and even Heathers while creeping out a nation of Tv fans. That, and it brought on a revival of Winona Ryder adoration and introduced us to a brood of preternaturally talented child performers plus Emmy Rossums twin.
19. Queen Sugar
Queen Sugar, Ava DuVernays Louisiana soap opera produced with Oprah Winfrey, wasnt so much a slow-burner as a slow-scorcher, least of which because of the fire it set to industry standards. DuVernay inhabited the series with a casting of fresh talent, all actors of color, Hollywood had ignored, and each episode is directed by a woman of color primed for a big break. Criminal justice, rape culture, and the tapestry of black family are explored with DuVernays deliberate pacing, ultimately giving the rich, meditative story therapy to black, Southern life that has typically been set aside for brooding white guys. The impact of a reveal like this is hugehelped by the fact that its so engrossing, too.
18. Billy on the Street
Part game show, proportion stand-up slapstick, proportion searing culture commentary, Billy on the Street is sorely underappreciated. Sure, people find it funny. They love it when that gregarious Billy Eichner hollers at all the people. So loud, that one! And the celebrity guests, giddy to be galloping through the street of New York surprising unsuspecting strangers, are a hoot. But underlying all of this is the most stinging satire of pop culture, fame, and sociopolitical pretention that you can buy for a dollar. Its a game-show gag assault thats one of TVs biggest laugh riots, but one that should also be taken seriously.
17. Black Mirror
The anthology series standalone episodes arent so much horror allegories as they are premonitionswarnings, reallyagainst the rise of technology at the expense of human modesty. A Twilight Zone for the Digital Age, as The New Yorker lately labeled it. This season featured San Junipero, which created the years rawest love story in a virtual reality simulation. And then there was Nose dive, which put on blaring, frightening showing the repercussions of a culture reliant on likes and Yelp-like reviews, with the assistance of Bryce Dallas Howard giving the years wildest dramatic performance.
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Losing weight is hard, but is often easier when you have someone to do it with. That person is normally your friend, or your sister, or sometimes even your overweight puppy. Sorry Freddie .
It’s very rarely going to be your personal trainer- because I don’t know about you, but I wouldn’t pay person with bad hair to cut mine … if you know what I mean.
Well , now that’s beginning to change. Personal trainerAdonis Hill( great name) has put on virtually 70 pounds, and is going to work it off, to assist and inspire his client to lose weight too. At least this style, she can’t use the’ you only don’t understand! ’ excuse…
A photo posted by Adonis “No Excuses” Hill (@ bodybyadonis) on Jan 28, 2016 at 12:15 pm PST
The idea comes from the appropriately named A& E show Fit to Fat to Fit , a ground violating television show in whichthe trainer helps inspire a client to lose weight by working closely alongside them to lose some weight of their own. Hill actually fell a little short of his 70 -pound weight gain goal, but wasclose enough to join Alyssafor one of the hardest and but most rewarding experiences of his life.
After months of intensetraining, Hillwas able to help his client lose 58 pounds. This is a flashback to Hill’s initial weight loss tale, when he lost 100 lbs at the age of 27.
Randy is 62 years old and stands tall at six foot one. He grew up on a farm in Glasford, Illinois, in the 1950s. Randy was raised with the strong discipline of a farming family. From the time he was five, he would get out of bed at dawn, and before breakfast hed put on his boots and jeans to milk cows, lift hay, and clean the chicken coops. Day in and out, no matter the weather or how he felt, Randy did his physically demanding chores. Only when his work was complete would he come into the kitchen for breakfast.
Tending to the chickens was hard workit involved getting into the pen, clearing birds out of their dirty cages, and shooing them into a holding enclosure. This process was always a little scary because the animals could be quite aggressive after being cooped up all night. On one of these occasions, when Randy was 11, a particularly large and perturbed rooster swung its claw and gave him a good spurring on his leg. Randy felt the piercing of his skin and squealed in pain. He said it felt like being gored by a thick fishhook. The rooster left a long gash, and blood streamed down Randys leg to his ankle. He ran back to the house to clean the wound, as chickens are filthy after a night in their cages.
Some days later, Randy noticed a change in his appetite. He was constantly hungry. He felt drawn to food and thought about it all the time. He started eating in between meals and overeating when he finally sat down to dinner. Randy had always been a skinny kid, but in the course of the next year, he gained about 10 pounds. His parents thought it might be puberty, though it seemed a little early. His pudginess was also unusual given that everyone else in the family was thin. Randy was no stranger to discipline. He forced himself to eat less, switched to lower-calorie foods and exercised more. But by the time he was a teenager, he was bouncing between 30 and 40 pounds overweight. He says, I gained all of this weight even though these were some of my most active years on the farm.
Randys family supported his efforts to control his weight. They made lower-calorie foods, gave him time to exercise, and didnt pressure him to eat things he didnt want. However, he continued to struggle with his weight through college. Randy kept thinking back to the moment everything changed. He had been the skinniest kid among his friends. And then he got cut by that chicken.
The Curious Case of Indian Chickens
In Mumbai, India, Nikhil Dhurandhar followed his father Vinods footsteps in treating obesity. But Nikhil ran into the same obstacle that had bedeviled obesity doctors everywhere. The problem was that I was not able to produce something for patients that could have meaningful weight loss that was sustainable for a long time, he says. Patients kept coming back.
Fate intervened in Dhurandhars life one day was when he was meeting his father and a family friend, S. M. Ajinkya, a veterinary pathologist, for tea. Ajinkya described an epidemic then blazing through the Indian poultry industry killing thousands of chickens. He had identified the virus and named it using, in part, his own initialsSMAM-1. Upon necropsy, Ajinkya explained, the chickens were found to have shrunken thymuses, enlarged kidneys and livers, and fat deposited in the abdomen. Dhurandhar thought this was unusual because typically viruses cause weight loss, not gain. Ajinkya was about to go on, but Dhurandhar stopped him: You just said something that doesnt sound right to me. You said that the chickens had a lot of fat in their abdomen. Is it possible that the virus was making them fat?
Ajinkya answered honestly, I dont know, and urged Dhurandhar to study the question. That fateful conversation set Dhurandhar on a path to investigate as part of his PhD project whether a virus could cause fat.
Dhurandhar pushed ahead and arranged an experiment using 20 healthy chickens. He infected half of them with SMAM-1 and left the other half uninfected. During the experiment, both groups of chickens consumed the same amount of food. By the end of the experiment, only the chickens infected with the SMAM-1 virus had become fat. However, even though the infected chickens were fatter, they had lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels in their blood than the uninfected birds. It was quite paradoxical, Dhurandhar remembers, because if you have a fatter chicken, you would expect them to have greater cholesterol and circulating triglycerides, but instead those levels went in the wrong direction.
To confirm the results, he set up a repeat experiment, this time using 100 chickens. Again, only the chickens with the SMAM-1 virus in their blood became fat. Dhurandhar was intrigued. A virus, it seemed, was causing obesity. Dhurandhar thought of a way to test this. He arranged three groups of chickens in separate cages: one group that was not infected, a second group that was infected with the virus, and a third group that caged infected and uninfected chickens together. Within three weeks, the uninfected chickens that shared a cage with infected ones had caught the virus and gained a significant amount of body fat compared to the isolated uninfected birds.
Fat, it seemed, could indeed be contagious.
Now, Dhurandhar is a man of science. He is rational and calm. But even he had to admit that the idea was startling. Does this mean that sneezing on somebody can transmit obesity? This now seemed possible in animals, but what about humans? Injecting the virus into people would be unethical, but Dhurandhar did have a way to test patients to see if they had contracted the virus in the past.
Dhurandhar says, At that time I had my obesity clinic, and I was doing blood tests for patients for their treatment. I thought I might just as well take a little bit of blood and test for antibodies to SMAM-1. Antibodies would indicate whether the patient was infected in the past with SMAM-1. The conventional wisdom is that an adenovirus for chickens does not infect humans, but I decided to check anyway. It turned out that 20 percent of the people we tested were positive for antibodies for SMAM-1. And those 20 percent were heavier, had greater body mass index and lower cholesterol and lower triglycerides compared to the antibody-negative individuals, just as the chickens had. Dhurandhar observed that people who had been infected with SMAM-1 were on average 33 pounds heavier than those who werent infected.
The Pounds Keep Coming
While Nikhil Dhurandhar was in India pursuing his curiosity about fat, Randy was looking for solutions of his own. After a brief stint as a teacher he moved back to the family land in 1977 because he loved farming.
Randy married and had four children. At family dinners and holiday gatherings, he ate alongside everyone else, but tried eating less than the others. Still, his weight ballooned; by his late 30s he had topped 300 pounds. He remembers feeling hungry all the time, though even when he abstained it didnt help him lose weight. I could have several good weeks of eating stringently, much less than others around me, but if I went off my diet for just one mealboom, the weight would come back.
The effort to control his eating, even when it was successful, made Randy miserable: I cant tell you what it is like to be hungry all the time. It is an ongoing stress. Try it. Most people who give advice dont have to feel it.
In the fall of 1989, Randy applied for a commercial drivers license. The application required a medical exam. After his urine test, the nurse asked Randy if he felt all right. Normal for the day, he replied. But the nurse told Randy he would have to give a blood sample because she thought the lab had spilled glucose solution into his urine sample. The blood work showed that Randys glucose level was near 500 mg/dL (a normal reading is 100). The lab hadnt made a mistake with the urine sample after all; Randys numbers were just off the charts. Alarmed, the nurse notified Randys doctor, who then tested him for fasting blood sugar levels. The results showed that Randy had insulin resistance and severe diabetes.
At 40 years old and 350 pounds, Randy was in trouble. If he didnt fix this problem soon, he would start to develop serious complications of diabetes, including cardiovascular disease and nerve damage.
Having tried and failed multiple diets, Randy and his doctor decided the best hope was a hospital program for severe diabetics. The staff tested Randys blood frequently to determine the optimal dosage and timing of insulin injections to regulate his blood sugar. Randy learned about the Diabetic Exchange diet, which allots patients a specific number of servings of meat, carbohydrates, vegetables, and fat. He cut out all refined carbohydrates, including bread. He says, I havent had a slice of bread or piece of pizza in years.
But would even this program be enough? Randy had always had a difficult time controlling his weight, though not for lack of trying. He had been fighting fat since his childhood by controlling portions, exercising, and avoiding social eating. But his discipline was no match for his own fat. Randy had to get his weight under control permanently. The hospital environment was helpful. However, despite strictly adhering to the diet, he only dropped a few pounds.
The Virus in Americans
After taking on a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Wisconsin, Madison under Dr. Richard Atkinson, Dhurandhar was excited to finally be at liberty to pursue what he loved. He had an intense curiosity about viruses and was eager to get started finding answers. However, when he tried to get samples of the SMAM-1 virus that he had worked with in India, the U.S. Department of Agriculture refused to grant him an import license. He was deeply disappointed.
Unable to get SMAM-1, Dhurandhar approached a company that sells viruses for research. Their catalog listed some fifty human adenoviruses. He says, I was going to order the human adenovirus, but there was no the adenovirusthere were 50 different human adenoviruses! So I was stuck again. I wondered how do I go about this? Should we start number one, number two, number three, number 50, 49, 48? So [with] a little bit of guesswork and mostly luck, we decided to work with number 36. We liked number 36 because it was antigenically uniquemeaning it did not cross react with other viruses in the group, and antibodies to other viruses would not neutralize it.
That was a serendipitous choice. It turned out that Ad-36 had similar qualities to SMAM-1 in chickens. Atkinson thought Ad-36 might very well be a mutated form of SMAM-1. When Dhurandhar infected chickens with Ad-36, their fat increased and their cholesterol and triglycerides decreased, just as had happened with SMAM-1. Dhurandhar wanted to make sure he was not getting a false positive, so he injected another group of chickens with a virus called CELO to ensure that other viruses were not also producing fat in chickens. Additionally, he maintained a group of chickens who had not been injected with anything. When he compared the three groups, only the Ad-36 group became fatter. Dhurandhar then tried the experiments in mice and marmosets. In every case, Ad-36 made animals fatter. Marmosets gained about three times as much weight as the uninfected animals, their body fat increasing by almost 60 percent!
Now came the big question: would Ad-36 have any effect on humans? Dhurandhar and Atkinson tested over 500 human subjects to see if they had antibodies to the Ad-36 virus, indicating they had been infected with it at some point in their lives. His team found that 30 percent of subjects who were obese tested positive for Ad-36, but only 11 percent of nonobese individuals dida 3 to 1 ratio. In addition, nonobese individuals who tested positive for Ad-36 were significantly heavier than those who had never been exposed to the virus. Once again, the virus was correlated with fat.
Next, Dhurandhar devised an even more stringent experiment. He tested pairs of twins for presence of Ad-36. He explains, It turned out exactly the way we hypothesizedthe Ad-36 positive co-twins were significantly fatter compared to their Ad-36 negative counterparts.
Of course, its unethical to infect human subjects with viruses for research, so the study cant be perfectly confirmed. But, Dhurandhar says, This is the closest you can come to showing the role of the virus in humans, short of infecting them.
A New Way to Manage FatStop the Blame
Randys physician had been treating him for years and knew that his patients struggle was difficult and ongoing. The physician referred Randy to an endocrinologistRichard Atkinson at the University of Wisconsinwho was having some success with difficult obesity cases.
Randy went to see Atkinson, knowing that if he didnt get his fat under control, it was going to kill him. The first thing Randy noticed about Atkinson was that he was kind. He didnt make Randy feel guilty about his weight. Other places put the blame on you, Randy says. They go back into your past, what did you do to get here. It is very judgmental. Atkinson did none of that. He said okay we are here now, how do we fix it? He was very future oriented.
Atkinson had designed a long-term program to treat obesity. He explained to his patients that obesity is a chronic disease and they would be in treatment forever. In the first three months of the program, patients would meet several days per week and attend a lecture explaining obesity and the underpinnings of fat. After that, visits decreased to one every one to two weeks, then one every one to two months. Those who started regaining weight were asked to resume more frequent visits. Subjects had to commit to the full program in order to enroll.
Atkinson also introduced Randy to his new postdoctoral assistant, a young scientist from India, Dr. Nikhil Dhurandhar. Dhurandhar examined Randy and studied his blood samples. Randy tested positive for antibodies to Ad-36, meaning he had likely been infected with the virus at some point in the past. Randy remembered being scratched by that rooster as a child, and that afterward his appetite exploded and he started gaining weight quickly. His troubles with food and rapid fat accumulationhe understood it all now. If he was like the chickens, the marmosets, the twins, and the other humans in the study, then his infection with Ad-36 was helping his body to accumulate fat. He says, What Atkinson and Dhurandhar did for me changed my life. They made everything make sense. It was very liberating and very empowering.
How Does a Virus Lead To Fat?
How would a virus like Ad-36 cause fat? Atkinson explains, There are three ways that we think Ad-36 makes people fatter: (1) It increases the uptake of glucose from the blood and converts it to fat; (2) it increases the creation of fat molecules through fatty acid synthase, an enzyme that creates fat; and (3) it enables the creation of more fat cells to hold all the fat by committing stem cells, which can turn into either bone or fat, into fat. So the fat cells that exist are getting bigger, and the body is creating more of them.
The researchers acknowledge that the rooster scratch may have been the start of Randys infection. But they are cautiousthe transmissibility of Ad-36 from chickens to humans has never directly been studied.
Though Dhurandhar and Atkinson have conducted several strong studies showing the contribution of Ad-36 to fatness, skepticism remains. Atkinson says, I remember giving a talk at a conference where I presented 15 different studies in which Ad-36 either caused or was correlated to fatness. At the end of it, a good friend said to me, I just dont believe it. He didnt give a reason; he just didnt believe it. People are really stuck on eating and exercise as the only contributors to fatness. But there is more to it.
Dhurandhar adds, Theres a difference between science and faith. What you believe belongs in faith and not in science. In science you have to go by data. I have faced people who are skeptical, but when I ask them why, they cant pinpoint a specific reason. Science is not about belief, it is about fact. There is a sayingIn God we trust, all others bring data.
On Thursday, Gayle King opened up about her weight loss journey while at the opening night for the Broadway revival of The Color Purple . Oprah Winfrey ‘s best friend joined Weight Watchers recently and it seems to be doing good for the CBS This Morning anchor.
“This is the beauty of Weight Watchersyou can eat exactly what you want and I for one needed structure. But what’s great is you can eat what it is you want and you choose how you want to your points. The other day I had two pieces of cake! “
That’s AH-Mazing. However, she quipped:
“I don’t recommend that. I had salad the rest of the working day, but then the next day you get right back on it.”
HA! Though it seems that Miz King is prepared both mentally and physically to take on the weight loss challenge.
She explained 😛 TAGEND
“Slow and steady wins the race.”
Well told! Still, we shouldn’t be so shocked that Gayle’s get shall include participation in the lifestyle brand as her BFF simply became a partial proprietor in the company.
Nonetheless, it appears that the 60 -year-old is attempting to get healthy outside of Oprah’s participation in the business.
The TV personality noted 😛 TAGEND
“I’m doing it with myselfwith me, myself and I. I’m not new to Weight Watchers. I’ve done it before.”
Fierce! Irrespective of the reason why Gayle joined W.W ., we think she’s definitely killing it right now.
Were told that sugar is the source of all evil, but giving it up made me grumpy, skint and antisocial
Day 1: I spiralise a courgette
I wake up alarmed and dehydrated with a deep sense of dread. This is not just a hangover I have agreed to give up sugar and keep a food diary. All I can think is: Thank God Im starting today as yesterdays would have been truly embarrassing. Crisps. KFC. Vodka.
Its not my fault. I am clearly not an adult capable of make informed choices. So I resemble most overweight and overwrought people. My fat and my sluggishness are not a mystery to me: I feed and drink too much and my January was not dry.
Sugar is the source of all evil, so much so that a sugar tax is now being mooted. But how easy is it to give it up? I call a man who is going to help me, and I make a cheese omelette Im not sure what I can eat, but presume it is a low-carb diet, so this will be OK.
I arrange to meet personal trainer Nyambe Ikasaya for advice. He has and Im get technological here a lard testing machine, and Im too lardy. Also dehydrated. I explain about the vodka. He points out this is not research results of merely one nights drinking. He gives me what he calls a nutritional protocol and what I call a diet.
Things I cant have: bread, liquor, carrots really? and all fruit. I dont am worried about the fruit. He asks me what I want to achieve, and I enjoy whinging on to him.
At home, I begin reading volumes about detoxing and giving up sugar. You know how they go: three or four days in, most people feel terrible and then suddenly brilliant. This is the detox narrative. Largely, they seem to be written by 20 – or 30 -something women who apparently believe they are what they feed and who dont seem to have to feed anyone but themselves. Maybe my terrible posture is toxic, but few of these volumes speak to me at all.
Apparently I should have cleaned out my closets of all the bad food and freshly stocked them. But I havent done this because: life. I buy lots of veggies and order my teen a takeaway while I spiralise a courgette. Someone says on the news that its Blue Monday. It surely is.
( CNN) Oprah Winfrey has a new secret weapon when it comes to the weight loss battle.
Winfrey has lost 30 pounds and reportedly lately told a few fellow Weight Watchers members that having a weight loss buddy has made all the difference.
According to ABC,Winfrey hopped on a bellow with six fellow members( with “Good Morning America” listening in) to swap tips and inspiration. She told the group that life partner Stedman Graham has also become her Weight Watchers partner.
As London fashion week opens, Rosie Nelson and Jada Sezer have joined a Womens Equality party campaign to tackle the use of tiny clothing sizes, underweight models and the resulting crisis of eating disorders
Grains for breakfast, veggies for lunch, smoked salmon for dinner. No wheat , no dairy , no sugar; 45 minutes of exercise every day. Its a draconian and unbalanced regime even for someone with a sensible reason to lose excess weight. If youre a 21 -year-old who weighs eight stone, its clearly both unnecessary and profoundly unhealthy. And yet this was Rosie Nelsons daily intake and expenditure of energy for four months back in 2014, as a result of a visit to one of the countrys most powerful modelling agencies.
Nelson had started modelling work at the age of 18, when her body was still developing. When she moved from her native Australia to Britain, her aim was to continue. And the agency in question liked her looking except for the fact that she was, they said, too big. Specifically her hips, which were around the 37 – or 38 -inch mark, but needed to shrink to 35.
I ask Nelson , now 24 and still modelling, what that moment felt like. You get sucked into thinking that what they say is the only way to be, she replies. They control your life. Theyre getting you your jobs, theyre you with your income, and you become like a slave to it. The industrys so devouring that you forget about the real world. In the real world Im incredibly thin, but in the modelling world Im still too big. So when they asked me to lose weight, I accepted it. But worse was to come. Grains ate, exercise taken, social life shunned, she slimmed her hips down to 35 inches and went back to the agency.
They said, merely lose more weight get down to the bone, recollects Nelson. They pressed on my hips and I merely sat there believing , no, I cant. I cant physically lose more weight. I was in shock. I didnt know what to say.
It turned out to be a pivotal moment. In its aftermath, Nelson chose she couldnt return to her previous weight-loss programme, which she describes as a horrible routine of basically killing myself.
She started working with smaller bureaux, where she was encouraged to remain at a healthy weight. At the same day she began to speak and be talking about her experiences, committed to raising awareness of the potentially destructive power the fashion industry exerts. Thats why, after a days work, she has joined Sophie Walker, leader of the Womens Equality party( WEP ), and Jada Sezer, a plus-size model on the verge of launching her own clothing range, to talk about WEPs forthcoming campaign, which will operate on social media under the hashtag #NoSizeFitsAll.
Researchers detected the amount of weight one needs to lose before others notice a change in attractiveness.
According to Medical Daily, a squad at the University of Toronto created a collecting of photos featuring the faces of men and women between the ages of 20 and 40.
The median height of male participants was 5’10” while the average female participant was 5’4 ”, the “Today” show reports.
These photos were digitally altered to give off the illusion project participants was photographed numerous times at different BMIs( Body Mass Indexes ).
Participants then picked two photos from a pile at random and wrote down which faces seemed heavier, in addition to which ones they foundmore attractive.
Researchers concluded one needs to undergo a decrease of 0.89 or greaterin BMI for an onlooker to notice a loss of weight by looking at one’s face.
For a face toproduce a noticeable change in attractiveness, however, one needs to shrink his or her BMI by nearly twice as much.
In a press release, Nicholas Rule, the head of social perception and cognition research at the University of Toronto, said,
Women and men of median height need to gain or lose about 8 and 9 pounds for anyone to see it in their face, but they need to lose about twice as much for anyone to find them more attractive.
Males needed to lose approximately 18 pounds for participants to notification changes in attractiveness in their faces compared to 14 pounds for females.
Rule said this differencesuggests a female face “may be more sensitive” to weight loss than that of a man.
The male faces deemed most attractive reflected a BMI of 24, while the most attractive female faces reflected a BMI of 19.
When median height was taken into account, these BMI measurements translate to a weight of 165 pounds for a man and 111 for a woman.
Study coauthor and postdoctoral fellow Daniel Re explained the purpose of the study to the“Today” reveal, saying,
We know from other research that people are more motivated to look attractive than they are to be healthy, and a concrete goal with an actual number attached is more motivating than merely an abstract goal.
The finding that a clear change in attractiveness is harder to achieve than a clear loss of weight may also explain why the former is sometimes a better motivator for one to diet or exercising than simply being healthier, Re added.
Editor’s note: This survey is not claiming everyone needs to lose weight to look more attractive . Are in favour of Elite Dailys official newsletter, The Edge, for more stories you don’t want to miss .