Ridiculously expensive gadgets for the filthy rich

The FTC has determined its first ever case against defendants for falsely promoting weight loss products with fake Amazon reviews .
Image: Justin Sullivan/ Getty Images

The U.S. government is taking on fake Amazon reviews.

On Tuesday, the Federal Trade Commission announced that it had reached a settlement in the agency’s first ever case against fraudulent Amazon reviews.

In the FTC’s objection , it claimed that defendant Cure Encapsulations, Inc. and the company’s owner, Naftula Jacobowitz, paid a third-party website called “amazonverifiedreviews.com” to post fake reviews for its weight loss supplement on Amazon. Along with the falsified reviews purporting to be from actual clients, the FTC also alleged that the company built “false and unsubstantiated claims” for the pills known as Quality Encapsulations Garcinia Cambogia.

Garcinia cambogia is a tropical fruit found in Indonesia that has been used as a natural aid for weight loss. As The Verge points out, use of the herbal supplement has associated with acute liver failing .

“People rely on reviews when they’re shopping online, ” said director of the commission’s Bureau of Consumer Protection Andrew Smith in a statement. “When a company buys fake reviews to inflate its Amazon ratings, it hurts both shoppers and companies that play by the rules.”

According to the FTC, Jacobowitz had paid the fake Amazon review seller $ 1,000 for 30 reviews in order to bump the product’s ratings. The defendant claimed that at least a 4.3 out of 5 stars was needed in order to construct sales.

“Please make my product … stay a five starring, ” the FTC says the defendant wrote in an email to the review provider.

In the reviews and on the product description, Cure Encapsulations fabricated asserts about the supplement. The defendant stated that the product “Literally BLOCKS FAT From Forming” and caused “significant weight loss.”

As part of the settlement with the FTC, the defendant is banned from “making weight-loss, fat-blocking, or disease-treatment claims for dietary supplements, food, or drugs, unless they have reliable scientific proof from clinical trials in humans.” The company must also inform its customers of the allegations and tell Amazon which reviews were faked.

The settlement includes a penalty of $12.8 million. Cure Encapsulations will immediately pay $50,000 to the FTC and the remainder will be dependent on how much fund the company has based on hand in the event it misrepresented its financials.

Fake, paid Amazon reviews have long been a scourge to the e-commerce giant. In recent years, Amazon has decided to go so far as suing fake reviewers and review-selling websites.

However, the problem doesn’t seem to be going away.

Just last month, Facebook employees were caught leaving 5 star reviews for its video conferencing device, Facebook portal. While not quite the same as paying for ratings from individuals who never even employed the product, Amazon’s reviews are clearly intended for customers who purchased the product. In fact, according to Amazon, offering compensation for a review or reviewing your own products is a violation of its terms.

This first of its kind FTC case on fake Amazon reviews will likely not be its last.

UPDATE: Feb. 27, 2019, 1:37 p.m. EST An Amazon spokesperson provided the following statement to Mashable regarding such FTC case :

We welcome the FTC’s work in this area. Amazon expends significant resources to protect the integrity of reviews in our store because we know clients value the insights and experiences shared by fellow shoppers. Even one inauthentic review is one too many. We have clear participation guidelines for both reviewers and selling partners and we suspend, prohibition, and take legal action on those who violate our policies .

Read more:

Trump’s beef with Nadler is decades old and fairly nasty

( CNN) Decades ago, a businessman and a nation assemblyman had a public and personal conflict over New York real estate. It’s 2019, and they’re still opposing, but now, one is President of the United Nation and the other is chairman of the House committee that has the power to unravel his presidency.

With Democrats regaining control of the House of Representatives after the midterm elections, Nadler has again become a thorn in Trump’s side, newly empowered as one of the key leaders of Democratic oversight endeavours, or what Trump and his administration frequently deem “presidential harassment.”
Last week, Nadler authorized a subpoena to obtain the full, unredacted report on Russian meddling in the 2016 election from special attorney Robert Mueller, teeing up a showdown between congressional Democrats and the Trump administration over the nearly 400 -page report.

Rep. Nadler: Congress has been shielding Trump

Ivana Trump is promoting a diet to battle obesity. This is what’s in it.

Washington( CNN) Ivana Trump, President Trump’s first wife, is promoting a diet as part of her campaign to fight adult obesity in the US.

“It resembles a lot of diet trends out there that we don’t know the long-term effects of, ” said Allison Tepper, a Washington metro area nutritionist. She said low-carb diets are not her first recommendation for clients.
“When you miss food groups you’re going to have cravings, ” she said, and you aren’t as energized or don’t enjoy dinners as much.

Top Democratic group launches effort to attack Republicans over Trump’s trade agenda

( CNN) A top Democratic opposition research firm is launching a months-long effort ahead of the midterm elections to tie Republican candidates to the impacts of President Donald Trump’s moves on international trade.

The campaign is the latest sign of how Democrats believe the impacts of Trump’s trade moves on particular industries could resonate with voters in key states. The operatives tasked with leading the campaign believe that the issue will also highlight how GOP leaders have dispensed with long-held Republican views on trade to fall in line with Trump.
“Republican candidates have effectively abandoned the voters they are campaigning to represent — standing by Trump’s disastrous trade war as farmers, manufacturers and small businesses in their communities are hurt, ” Amelia Penniman, spokeswoman for American Bridge, said about the campaign. “Trade War Watch will keep a go tab of the casualties of the trade war to make clear to voters that Republican are not on their side.”

‘EUR5, 000 would be a deterrent’: the French minister who are interested sexual harassment penalties

Meet Marlne Schiappa, the 34 -year old blogger and novelist at the heart of Emmanuel Macrons revolution

The walk from the Gare du Nord across the Seine to Frances centre of power, a string of houses off the Quai dOrsay, takes a pleasant, circuitous hour: the route is a tourists dreaming. But for Marlne Schiappa, Frances freshly appointed gender equality minister, the streets of Paris are the frontline in a war between the sexes. Where I watch boutiques and fruit and vegetable stalls, coffeehouse and splendid architecture, Schiappas eye is drawn instead to the idling humen ogling young lady; to the handsome displays in every pharmacy window ad weight-loss solutions Minceur Th Vert( Slimming Green Tea ), Ventre Plat( Flat Stomach and illustrated by pictures of delighted young lady use a tape measure as a skipping rope. France is paradoxical, Schiappa tells me. We are the country of Simone de Beauvoir, of feminist hypothesi and philosophy. But we are also a Latin country with entrenched stereotypes.

She greets me warmly in what must have once been a grand dining room; the parliamentary district in the 7th arrondissement has not changed much since its vast mansions were built for nobility in the 18 th century. It is the day before Theresa May will gratify Emmanuel Macron, Frances youngest ever president, who assumed office on 14 May. At 39, with no campaigning experience, Macron has surrounded himself with young cabinet members who are new to politics, as a style of making a clean break with his socialist predecessor Francois Hollande. This week he made businesswoman Florence Parly minister for the armed forces( defence for four of the EUs five largest economies is now overseen by women ); he has appointed Tv presenter Nicolas Hulot as environmental and social transition minister( the equivalent of Theresa May devoting David Attenborough a cabinet post ).

But Macrons most contentious appointment is Schiappa, at 34 a very young are part of his cabinet, whom he has put in charge of equality between men and women, with a brief to tackle the gender pay gap and be enhanced women rights in the workplace. A former ad executive-turned-author, shes best known as a campaigner and blogger, and has outraged Frances right wing with her unapologetic feminism.

She presents me into her airy, high-ceilinged office where we sit on new modern chairs, her replacing for the stuffy furniture that used to be here. This is the room where Schiappa has begun hauling in public figures to call them out on sexist behaviour( and then tweet about whether the session aimed satisfactorily ). She wears gold hoop earrings, her long, thick hair pulled back in a loose knot, and is friendly and straightforward in a way thats still rare in top-level politics.

Schiappa said today Macron did particularly well with female voters in the presidential elections. Why does she think that is? He was the first to say, Im a feminist. Second, because he believes in parity in parliament. Exactly half his cabinet is female. Plus, she says, unlike other politicians, he went out and listened to people. Genuinely listened.

Schiappas first objective is to tackle sexual harassment on the street. Its a huge phenomenon in France. Its that moment when a man is walking behind a woman, talking to her, and the woman can do nothing, because shes alone. She doesnt scream for help, because she thinks, Its not that bad, Ill walk, Ill escape. Men feel its acceptable: theyre being the French devotee. Women are molested on public transport so frequently, Schiappa says, that many will dress in ways to avoid it before they use the Mtro or bus. Its enough of a problem that the previous government launched an anti-harassment campaign called Stop: Thats Enough to encourage people to report any incidents. In France, if a woman is sexually assaulted, her first believe is, Now Im dirty and no one will ever want to marry me the social responsibility of the victim.

Her solution is on-the-spot penalties. Macron has pledged to expand the police force by 10,000 over the next five years: why not give them powers to police sexism in the same style they do smokers who fell their cigarettes? Twenty euros would be a bit humiliating, 5,000 would be more of a discouraging. At the moment, many men are saying, Its not a big deal, were only having fun. And we say, No. She says shell be nailing down a precise strategy with the justice secretary soon.

Schiappa intends to take a similarly revolutionary approach to closing the pay gap. In France, girls earn between 12% and 27% less than men, depending on sector. Her proposal is that major companies will be invited to consult privately with the government on solutions. Those who reject will be named and shamed.

She is also keen to discuss what she describes as Frances culture of rape. Minimising rape or finding excuses, she clarifies, before offering an example. The former vice president of the National Assembly, Denis Baupin, has been accused by eight women of sexual assault and he wasnt fired. Baupin denies the allegations, some of which date back 15 years, and has cease his role after pressure from political leaders and the press. No charges were brought because the statute of limitations had expired( in France, “its just” three years for sexual harassment lawsuits ).

Marlne Schiappa and Emmanuel Macron on modes of public transport in Le Mans, October 2016. Photograph: Chamussy/ Sipa/ Rex/ Shutterstock

The French media does not help, Schiappa says: You never say the word rapist in an article in France. You say, A girl has been raped or A woman who claims to have been raped. They never say, A man raped a woman. Its to hide the rapist. Its victim-blaming.

Another part of Schiappas brief is to tackle homophobia a huge task, as illustrated by a meeting she had last week at the town hall in Le Mans. I was talking about a proposal around LGBT rights, and one man, an elected official from the far right, said, You forgot the Z. I asked him what he entailed. LGBTZ, he said. Z stands for zoophile. The official ended up making a donation to a LGBT association. As minister for equality, its business as usual for me. Theyre everywhere. Theres no need to insult them in return. We have to fight them and defend our notions, but more loudly.


Schiappa first entered politics in 2014, when she stood as a candidate in the municipal elections in Le Mans, her home suburbium. She was elected and became deputy mayor, in charge of gender equality and a technology project. The following year, she satisfied Macron, then minister of the economy under Hollande, at a French technology event. She says she fulfilled him on only 13 more occasions before the government chore was hers. In the intervening period, she worked in what was then “ve called the” Ministry of Family, Children and Womens Rights, where she drew up a new measure to introduce greater transparency in nursery applications( the French system is riddled with corruption; waiting lists are long and there are widespread accusations of bribery and favouritism ). When Macron launched his presidential campaign last August, Schiappa was quick to supporting him.

Schiappa is Corsican, and grew up in a multiracial council estate north of Paris. She has said she became a feminist at 13 when she realised how, unlike her parent( a leftwing historian ), she was unable to walk the street unharassed; she and other women in the neighborhood would plan self-defence strategies. Her parent presented her how to make a knuckle-duster out of her house keys.

She currently has two daughters aged 10 and five; her husband( whom she maintains out of the public eye) co-wrote some of her volumes. When she had her first daughter, she was working in ad. The women around me, they had one, two, three children; they were in sessions really late in the day. I was asking, How do you do this? How do you look after your children when you are working that hard? I suppose working moms has been a big subject in the United Kingdom for a long time, but in France it was not. There was no ministry of womens rights at the time, and it was not in the public debates. I began the blog[ Maman Travaille] and then set up a subsistence network of working mothers, to talk and to put together proposals for politics and companies.

The blog was a hit, in part because the head of Yahoo in France had children, loved it and promoted it online. Word spread; Schiappa was interviewed in French Elle, in Madame Figaro. She left advertising to spend more time with her daughter, then began writing fictions. She joined another ad agency, but got pregnant again, so I left. She wrote more, expanding her repertoire to non-fiction books on motherhood and feminism; titles include Letters To My Uterus and Who Are The Rapists? A novel she published in 2014, No More Than Four Hours Sleep A Night, is being turned into a film.

Schiappa debated Marine Le Pen in 2012, at a symposium arranged by French Elle. She was talking about what the extreme right called comfort abortion she invented the expres saying there were women having abortions 10 or 12 times a year and that the state poor white people was paying for it. The French far right is known for its racism and xenophobia, but less is said about its misogyny. Marine Le Pen wanted to stop state-funding for abortions, Schiappa says. Two members of parliament wrote a proposal to ban girls from working. When you are a woman who is from the suburb, and you are young, and you are to the left of politics, youre unacceptable. But the radical right has insulted every single woman before me.

How does she suppose a woman rose to the top of such a misogynistic party? Two reasons, Schiappa says: Because she adopts a masculine style. She speaks loudly shes yelling, shes screaming; she wants to humiliate the person or persons she is talking to. And because its a family business. If you are a woman and your name is not Le Pen, you cannot have a career in the Front National. Its family before women rights.

Schiappa in her office. Photo: Emmanuel Fradin for the Guardian

Of all Macrons new cabinet members, Schiappa has described the nastiest criticism. The right wing is especially irritated by her positions on Frances sexually predatory and chauvinistic male culture. Critics dislike her plans to introduce nation maternity cover for self-employed girls, and to make artificial insemination available for lesbian, older and single females( its currently available only for heterosexual couples ). They are squeamish about other campaigns: earlier this year, she was part of a group that said French mothers are being treated as crooks for have been selected to bottlefeed rather than breastfeed. Some have confiscated on one of her more light-hearted volumes about motherhood, in which she advised females how to prolong maternity benefits( humorously, she says ): Make yourself ugly, come across as traumatised, exaggerate everything; she was encouraging women to victimize the state, her critics argued. She has not escaped censure from the left, either accused of being a masculiniste( anti-feminist) for a volume she wrote more than a decade ago in kudo of the sex power of overweight women.

In the three articles Le Figaro publish about Schiappa in the week I meet her, they claim, variously, that she is the woman to save French politics; that she has an adolescents addiction to social media; and that she is a tl-feministe for posting an online video interviewing women in Paris about their experiences of sexual harassment. But the Fachosphre[ the fascist internet] and its appendages can continue their neverending flow of abhor, Schiappa tweeted last week. It will never stop me from running!

She is frustrated that some of the culture myths about French females persist: that they dont get fat; that French newborns sleep through the night; that French toddlers dont throw food. All of that is not true, Schiappa says, riled. But we hear it everywhere. Of course French females are all different weights, and weight is a factor of discrimination. What the bestsellers on French women and their supposed perfection totally miss, she says, is Frances sexist way of life. She says that married girls are still expected to abide by their devoir conjugal, or conjugal duty to have sex. Sexism travels top down: Ccile Duflot[ a Green legislator] was catcalled in the National Assembly because she was wearing a dress with blooms on it. The posture, even at the very top is, Cest la vie.

Schiappa( back row, second from left) with members of Macrons new government. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer/ AFP/ Getty Images

Schiappa supports the ban on religion attire in schools, but has also argued that moms should be permitted to enter school grounds in a veil, otherwise they would be ostracised from their childrens education( they are now allowed to by statute ). But she warns against too much religion tolerance. Feminism can be stymie by the banner of anti-racism. For example, how people denied what happened in Cologne[ when there were large-scale sexual assaults on New Years Eve 2015 ]. Feminism cant have ideological roadblocks. Will her brief include Muslim communities? You know, in France, we dont think about communities. We are a revolutionary French Rpublique. There is just one community. This is a French statute, the separation between church and state. Its a statement that I doubt is widely shared across France.

When she was a freelancer, scarce childcare meant Schiappa would often take their own children to meetings. As deputy mayor, she made a point of leaving work punctually at 4pm to do the school operate. At first, I said to myself, Oh my God, Im rude. Then women came to say, Thank you for doing that, because now we are doing the same thing. So I believe, if you have the power to make these things visible, you must, because other people will benefit. When youre on a salary, its hard to tell your boss or colleagues, Hey, Im bringing my child to the session. But I utilized my power because I get to decide.

Schiappa is concerned with domestic equality, too, she says. We started with public life, and now we have to change professional and private life. People dont want the country to enter the home and tell men to clean the dishes. But gender equality is good for men, she argues. Many parents dont take their 11 days paternity leave, because they are afraid of losing their jobs.

Macron has acted rapidly on his pledge to create equality in parliament: he fielded equal number of male and female candidates in this months election, and appointed a gender-balanced cabinet, with 11 of 22 posts taken by women. Last weekends elections returned the highest ever number of female politicians( 38.5% of the seats ). We have a female ministers responsible for sport who is a former champion[ fencer Laura Flessel holds the record for the most medals won by a French female Olympian ]. And Im glad we have a woman as defence pastor, because I can tell my daughter, You can fight even if you are a woman you are able to make war, you can make peace, too. Now we have four women for every 10 people in parliament. Before Macron, it was two in 10. More women entails its going to be more unacceptable to catcall a woman if she wears a flowery dress to work.

Half of Macrons new legislators are complete unknowns, reflecting a wider change in politics in the west. This is a rejection of the creation that Schiappa is proud to be part of. Yes, more people from civil society are coming into politics, she says. I think we realise that we need real people , not notions or abstractions. This is real life we tell it like it is. What does she say to those who say she lacks the political experience to hold a government post? Well, she laughs, I have life experience and I think its quite enough. And we know now that people with political experience dont have much success. The country is not in a good country. So let us try.

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Trump appointing Dr. Oz to his sport, fitness and nutrition council

( CNN) The White House announced Friday that President Donald Trump intends to appoint Mehmet Oz, better known as Dr. Oz, to his council on athletic, fitness and nutrition.

In 2014, a congressional panel questioned Oz over his promotion of weight-loss products on his television display.
“The scientific community is almost monolithic against you in terms of the efficacy of the three products you called ‘miracles, ‘” Sen. Claire McCaskill, a Missouri Democrat, said during the Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation subcommittee hearing.

The rhetoric around obesity is toxic. So I created a new speech for fat people | Charlotte Cooper

I like to call myself and be called fat. I suppose fat is a political topic, and as such it feels powerful to reclaim terms that are frequently used pejoratively

There are lots of words used to describe people such as me. Medics and their allies will use some Latin or Greek to make their language appear authoritative and scientific. According to them I am obese, or someone necessitating bariatric intervention. By extension, in newspapers I am part of an anonymous population blob known as the obese.

If I go shopping for clothes I might be called plus sizing. If I meet a person who has receives person with a body like mine shameful, I might be euphemistically be characterized as big or big. Others might try to spin this shame into something more positive and fairly, like curvy. If someone tries to translate my job, they might use terms such as gordo , dicke , grasso , grande . In some places there might not be terms for me, either because no speech exists, or because some people relate to me through a vocabulary of disapproving looks and disgusted sounds.

I like to call myself, and be called, fat. This is simple and descriptive and it feels powerful to reclaim a word that is frequently used pejoratively. I am a fat activist, which is a word that can mean many things, but for me it means that I think fat is a political subject.

Fat is typically framed as a health problem but health is not apolitical, as bodies of work in the social sciences have come to expose. Debates about the NHS, and fat people being held responsible for funding crisis, are just one region in which fat is a political subject. The social animosity and scapegoating of fat people can also be seen as political.

In my most recent book, Fat Activism: A Revolutionary Social Movement, I argue that fat activism can be anything to be undertaken by anyone for any reason. It is not inevitably about self-acceptance, improving health, developing self-love or addressing stigma though that can be part of it. It can be as much about joining organisations as tweeting; as going to a fat clothes-swap as writing and sharing a poem; as having a dialogue with person as presenting a paper at a meeting. It is to be able to weird, illegible, ambiguous and antisocial. There is no singular route of being a fat activist.

In calling myself fat I am depicting on a feminist practise of naming things in order to be allowed to bringing them into being. This entails naming myself, on my own terms, and using language to define the world around me as I experience it. I do this because I believe the experience of being fat is valuable. This is heresy to those who suppose fat people should not exist. But the opinion from the margins illuminates a lot about the shadow side of conformity , norms, and dreads concerning incarnation and difference, and how these are manipulated for power and profit.

Earlier this year I published a homemade dictionary of fat activist words and conceptions. I wanted to subvert the language of medication and public health to give readers a playful glimpse of a subculture. Here are some examples.


A literary device that is irresistible to people writing about fat, especially journalists: piling on the pounds, fat fighters, weight watchers, and so on. Perhaps they do this because fat is intrinsically funny to write about , not like serious stories or hard news.


The part of your body thats under your tits and above your privates. Can be any size, shape, texture, colour, different levels of hairiness, sweatiness. A place where fat accumulates on some people. Sometimes flops around, sometimes is bold and stout. Sometimes attains gurgling noises. Sometimes has pleats and stretch marks. Sometimes has a mind of its own and will not behave. A delightful, gorgeous thing, information sources of physical power much maligned and fretted over. Important resource in gut-barging competitions.


A way of talking about energy that you get through eating food. An obsession. A pretty name for a girl child.


A fat athlete.


A person who is not fat. A person who is better-looking, healthier, more intelligent, more likely to succeed in life, sexier, more lovable and better to be with than any fat person. A very good and virtuous and normal person.


Fat upper arms that get more wobbly and loose with age. Source of power.

I generated A Fat Activist Vernacular because I am interested in language and power in relation to fat people. The weight-loss industry is worth a fortune, and there is a lot of fund and status riding on the question of who gets to define fat experience generally public health politicians and their friends and allies in the weight-loss industry and medication. My predilection would be that this is a topic for fat people to work out for ourselves by valuing and sharing our own experiences. But there are many others with vested interests in owning and exerting this information.

The language of fat activism, frequently raw and emotive when people talk about being objects of hate, is being appropriated and gentrified by academics and professionals, tidied up and made respectable, while deposing the originators. You can see this in the transformation of the activist term fatphobia into the blandly inoffensive weight bias, which is sure to make its way into policy sometime soon.

My own word, headless fatty referring to media images of fat people whose heads have been cropped out of the frame was also cleaned up by a prominent academic at Yale as headless belly. What happens more often is that fat activist originators of speech and conceptions are not cited, and their ideas become appropriated and made respectable without anyone being the wiser.

Meanwhile, at the age of 46, I have found other ways of speaking about this subject. After embarking a few years ago on a lifelong ambition of becoming a contemporary dancer, in November I will be dancing a piece called But Is it Healthy? in the Wellcome Collections Obesity gallery. I get asked the question all the time and it is impossible to answer it in words , not least because fat people are a diverse group, health is constructed in myriad routes, and expert science is not incontrovertible. So I will dance the answer instead! This will be performed as a duet by Kay Hyatt and me to a soundtrack I have attained based on archival records by fat feminist activists made in 1980 by Karen Stimson at the New Haven Fat Womens Health Conference. The speakers are Diane Denne, Judy Freespirit, Aldebaran and Judith Stein; a recording of Marcia Duvall, also represented on the panel, has unfortunately been lost. These women are founders of many of the ideas circulating in fat activism today, but they have been forgotten historically. I would love more people to know about their work.

The dance emerged from a period of research in which Hyatt and I explored what it is like to be continually asked: But is it healthy?; it brings together years of activism, explaining, patient listening and deep annoyance in response to this question.

Through dance I am developing a different kind of speech, utilizing my body expressively and encountering audiences who have been worn down by the rhetoric of the obesity outbreak for the past decade and a half, and want something different.

I hope that by watching us dance in the Obesity showing at the Wellcome Collection, audiences will understand that there are other ways of talking and thinking about fat than those which have been dominant in recent years. It is unbelievable that fat people like me have to lobbies so very hard to be seen simply as human. I hope the dancing, and its soundtrack, helps people recognise that fat people have community, histories, cultures, bureau, thoughts and lives all of our own.

Charlotte Cooper and Kay Hyatt are performing on 4 November 2016 as part of the Friday Late Spectacular: Body Speech at the Wellcome Collection

Read more: www.theguardian.com

Bridgegate to Beachgate to Bruce: Chris Christie’s most memorable moments

( CNN) While New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie undoubtedly had his fair share of highs and lows during the course of its eight years as governor, often his big personality grabbed the spotlight. Here is a round-up of some of his most memorable moments as governor 😛 TAGEND

Christie’s boardwalk fight with a constituent( while holding an ice cream cone) quickly went viral in 2012. “You’re a real big shot, ” Christie tells the man in the video before telling him to “keep walkin’.”
2. A late night donut

Chris Christie stones out

Christie, Obama budding ‘bromance’?

From Kim to Kim: A week in the life of Donald Trump

Washington( CNN) Donald Trump is a product of two things: Reality TV and the New York City tabloid culture. Some weeks those roots prove more than others. This was one of those weeks.

The bookend for the Kim K. news came Friday afternoon when Trump, after huddling with a senior official from North Korea, announced that his summit with Northern korean leader Kim Jong Un, which he had called off last month, was actually back on !~ ATAGEND And on the same day( June 12) and in the same place( Singapore) as the one Trump pulled out of with a publicly released letter!
This is the Trump presidency. Kim Kardashian utilizing her famousness for being famous to push a pet issue at the White House one day and a historic nuclear summit with Kim Jong Un on another day.
Monday: Ivanka Trump granted seven new trademarks in China Trump honors fallen service members at Arlington National Cemetery US delegation travels to North Korea for potential summit preparation Tuesday: Trump tells, without proof, that Mueller team will meddle in midterm elections White House slaps 25% tariff on $50 billion worth of Chinese goods Bolton adds two loyalists to the National Security Council Trump holds rally in Tennessee to help GOP in key Senate race NYT: Mueller probing Trump’s request that Sessions rescind his recusal from Russia investigation ‘Taxi King’ gets better plea deal after raid on Trump’s lawyer Wednesday: Giuliani says Trump won’t fire Jeff Sessions before Mueller probe objective Trump wants he hadn’t picked Jeff Sessions for us attorney general Trump still has ‘concerns’ about unfounded spy allegations, Sarah Sanders tells North Korean ex-spy chief arrives in US for Pompeo session Avenatti drops request to participate in Cohen case after cautioning to ‘stop your publicity tour’ Avenatti alleges Michael Cohen recorded ‘inappropriate’ dialogues Trump signs ‘Right to Try Act’ aimed at helping terminally ill patients seek drug treatments Trump’s weight-loss regimen: fish and half a bun White House: ‘No one’s defending’ Roseanne, but Trump still owed apology Kim Kardashian gratifies with Trump to discuss prison reform Thursday: Trump reaches Canada, Mexico, EU with steel and aluminum tariffs Trump pardons Dinesh D’Souza — and hints at more celebrity pardons Trump tells talks with North Korea going ‘very well’ Trump, again, denies firing Comey over Russia despite telling exactly that at the time Pompeo says he doesn’t know if Kim-Trump summit will happen Friday:

Fit for office? A brief history of leaders’ illness

Hillary Clinton can take heart from former presidents and PMs who didnt let health problems hold them back. JFK had Addisons disease, Franois Mitterrand had cancer and Winston Churchill had depression, a heart attack and a stroke

All humanoids suffer illness, but very few of us get sick merely two months before were due to go toe-to-toe with Donald Trump to decide who will become the most powerful person in the world. The news that Hillary Clinton is suffering from pneumonia points up a truth that recognises legislators from the rest of us: for them, illness is not a phenomenon that has to be treated only medically, but is also something that must be managed by squads of PR goons working round the clock so that their boss doesnt seem too feeble to hold the proverbial reins of power.

Trump, 70, has already questioned his 68 -year-old competitors physical and mental capabilities to become president. And she has retorted, with perhaps even greater justice, indicting his temperament for the job.

Clinton went on the late-night comedy reveal Jimmy Kimmel Live! in August to rubbish rumours about her health. Back in October[ 2015 ], National Enquirer said I would be dead in six months, she said. So with every breath I take, it feels like a new lease on life.

No wonder, given the wild supposition and huge risks to political capital involved, legislators have gone to unbelievable lengths to ensure any maladies they might suffer remain private. Here are some examples.

Ronald Reagan( 1911 -2 004)

Ronald Reagan in 1984. Photo: AFP/ Getty Images

The two-term American president, who served from 1981 to 1989, was diagnosed with Alzheimers in 1994. University of Arizona researchers found that subtle changes in speaking patterns connected with the onset of dementia were apparent years before physicians diagnosed his disease. President Reagan proved a significant reduction in the number of unique words over day and a significant increase in conversational fillers and non-specific nouns, wrote professors of speech and hearing science Visar Berisha and Julie Liss.

John F Kennedy( 1917 -1 963)

JFK in 1962. Photograph: CBS Photo Archive/ Getty Images

When JFK was elected US president in 1960, he seemed, at 43, healthy and vibrant. In reality, he suffered various problems controlled by doses of steroids and other drugs. Among those problems was Addisons disease or autoimmune polyendocrine disorder kind 2. During the 1960 presidential campaign, Kennedys adversaries claimed that he had the disease, but as the Los Angeles Times reports, a cunningly worded statement issued at the time by medical doctors asserted that Kennedy did not have Addisons disease caused by tuberculosis( which is the cause of the diseases in only 20% of sufferers ). As a result of this statement, the matter was fell. The truth was, though, that JFK did suffer from Addisons disease, but in his example it was autoimmune in origin. The illnes causes the adrenal glands( which produce adrenaline and other hormones) to wither and results in symptoms such as tirednes, dizziness, muscle weakness, weight loss, difficulty standing up, nausea, sweating, and changes in mood and personality. Kennedy collapsed twice, once during a congressional visit to Britain, as a result of Addisons disease.

JFKs medical record, examined posthumously by navy physician Lee R Mandel, revealed that the president was taking 500 mg of vitamin C twice daily; 10 mg of hydrocortisone daily; 2.5 mg of prednisone twice daily; 10 mg of methyltestosterone daily( to combat weight loss and gonadal atrophy associated with the steroids he was taking ); 25 mg of liothyronine( a synthetic thyroid hormone) twice daily; 0.1 mg fludrocortisone daily; and diphenoxylate hydrochloride and atropine sulfate, two tablets as needed.

Franklin D Roosevelt( 1882 -1 945)

FDR in 1924. Photo: PhotoQuest/ Getty Images

In 1921, at the age of 38, Roosevelt suffered a severe attack of polio, which resulted in the total paralysis of both legs. The previous year he had operated as vice-president on Democratic candidate James M Coxs ticket. His illness seemed to threaten his future political career, but it did not. In 1928, he was elected governor of New York and in 1932 defeated Herbert Hoover to become president, in which office he served until his death in 1945 becoming thereby the last chairman to serve more than two four-year words in office. In 1944, hospital exams revealed that the president, a lifelong chain smoker, had high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease causing angina pectoris and congestive heart failure, but his declining health was concealed from the public. During the 1944 election campaign, his personal physician, Admiral Ross McIntire, told reporters what he must have known to be untrue, namely: The chairwomen health is perfectly OK. There are absolutely no organic difficulties at all. There are even claims that he employed the office of censorship to quash reports of his declining health before the election, which he won only to die the following year, soon after experiencing a massive cerebral haemorrhage.

Franois Mitterrand( 1916 -1 996)

Mitterrandin 1992. Photograph: Franck Perry/ AFP

The French president died of prostate cancer in 1996, a year after the end of his two-term, 1981 -9 5 presidency. During those long years in the lyse Palace, he and medical doctors disguised his condition from the French populace. David Owen, in his volume In Sickness and in Power: Illness in Heads of Government During the Last 100 Years, uncovers the durations they went to to disguise his condition.

When Mitterrand had to be given regular intravenous oestrogen hormone therapy, the presidents personal physician hung the intravenous drip on a picture hook or a coat hanger so as not to have to hammer a nail into the wall of an embassy or another governments guest house.

Shortly before his death, Mitterrand had an intimate farewell supper with friends. Each diner was presented with a sizzling roasted ortolan, a sparrow-like bird the size of a lemon. He and his guests placed napkins over their heads. Then each bent over their dish, inhaled its delicate smokes, took the bird by its nose and sucked out the innards, including bones, through its rectum. In portion because hunting the songbird was illegal in France, this supper just like Mitterrands cancer remained a secret until after his death.

Harold Wilson( 1916 -1 995)

Wilson in 1971. Photograph: Imagno/ Getty Images

During the British prime ministers second term of office from 1974 -7 6, he suffered symptoms that were later diagnosed as colon cancer. He may also have suffered from Alzheimers while in office( like Reagan ). Neurologist Dr Peter Garrard analysed Wilsons changing speech patterns at the dispatch box, just as he had those of novelist Iris Murdoch, and found evidence that the prime minister might well have been suffering from Alzheimers without knowing it. Garrard said: Speech is known to be vulnerable to the earliest stages of Alzheimers disease, and the findings of the earlier Iris Murdoch project confirmed that linguistic changes can seem even before the symptoms are recognised by either the patient or their closest associates.

If such changes are apparent during the effortful and relatively controlled process of creative penning, then the cognitive demands of spontaneous speech production make it even more likely for them to be detectable in spoken output. Garrard argued that such effortful cognitive demands may have prompted Wilson to retire from office.

Winston Churchill( 1874 -1 965)

Churchill in 1942. Photograph: Popperfoto/ Getty Images

In his 1966 memoir, Churchills personal physician Charles Wilson, the first Baron Moran, revealed that Black Dog was the name Churchill devoted to the prolonged fits of depression from which he suffered. The assert that Britains wartime leader was clinically depressed has ever since remained controversial, though Churchill acknowledged in his volume Painting as a Pastime that he was prey to the worry and mental overstrain[ experienced] by persons who, over prolonged periods, have to bear exceptional responsibilities and discharge duties upon a very large scale. To combat such fret and overstrain, Lord Moran reported, Churchill was prone to take solace in whisky and cigars, especially during the darkest days of the second world war. He suffered a heart attack at the White House in 1941 and contracted pneumonia a few years later.

During his second term as prime minister from 1951 to 1955, Churchill was, in the words of his biographer Roy Jenkins, gloriously unfit for office. Ageing and increasingly unwell, he often conducted business from his bedside. He had suffered a stroke while on holiday in 1949 and, while in office in 1953, suffered another. Despite being paralysed down one side and doctors fearing he might not survive the weekend, he conducted a cabinet meeting without, it is claimed, anyone noticing his indisposition. News of this stroke was maintained from parliament and the public, who were told that he was suffering simply from exhaustion. He left office in 1955. A year after his retirement, he suffered another stroke.

Tony Blair( 1953 -)

Blair in 2004. Photograph: Abbas Momani/ AFP/ Getty Images

In 2004, the then prime minister was rushed to Hammersmith hospital in west London for emergency treatment after he complained of chest pain and an irregular heartbeat. The Guardian reported at the time: No 10 immediately played down the incident, but the image of the youthful prime minister struck down by a heart condition sent shockwaves through the government. He was found to be suffering from supraventricular tachycardia, and the following year was treated for a heart fluttering. Its not particularly alarming but its something that you should get fixed its a routine procedure, he said afterwards. Ive had it for the last couple of months and its not obstructed me doing my work and feeling fine, but it is as well to get it done. At the time, Blair placed a great deal of emphasis on being fit and healthy. He told interviewers that, at 51, he weighed about 83 kg( 13 st ), less than he did a decade before. In part, this was due to his healthy lifestyle playing tennis regularly and insisting his aides ensure day for for workouts in his daily diary.

Gordon Brown( 1951 -)

Brown last year. Photo: Roberto Ricciuti/ Getty Images

In 2009, on Andrew Marrs Sunday morning BBC TV depict, “ministers ” Gordon Brown dedicated details of his difficulties with his eyesight. He lost the sight in one eye after a teenage rugby accident and has a retinal detachment in his other eye, leaving him with the same fear that he will entirely lose his sight. He told Marr: Although I have problems with my eyes and it has been very difficult over the years, I suppose people understand that you can do a job and you can work hard. And I think it would be a terrible indictment of our political system if you thought that because someone had this medical issue, they couldnt do the job. I feel that I have done everything to show people that I can do the job even with the disability that Ive had as a result of a rugby injury.

Konstantin Chernenko( 1911 -1 985)

Chernenko ( centre ) in 1984. Photograph: TASS via Getty Images

The fifth general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was terminally ill when he took office in February 1984. He had started smoking aged nine and continued the habit as an adult, suffering emphysema and heart failure as a result. A year before he succeeded Yuri Andropov, he had been absent for three months because of bronchitis, pleurisy and pneumonia. Despite these seeming disqualifications for office, he still managed to serve in name at the least as the leader of the Soviet Union for 13 months. In reality, from the end of 1984 until his breakdown into a coma and demise in March 1985, he rarely left Moscows heavily guarded Central Clinical hospital, and when he did, he only upset the Soviet people with his cadaverous TV appearances. Chernenko was the third Soviet leader to die during Ronald Reagans presidency, aged 73. How am I supposed to get anyplace with the Russians if they maintain dying on me? the American reportedly remarked.

Fidel Castro( 1926 -)

Castro in 2004. Photograph: Jose Goiti/ AP

In 2006, the Cuban leader underwent surgery for intestinal bleed. The then US president, George W Bush, was less than thrilled about the news of Castros recovery: One day, the very best Lord will take Fidel Castro away. Castro retorted: Now I understand why I survived Bushs plans and the plans of other presidents who ordered my assassination: the good Lord protected me. Instead of being taken down by American hitmen, Castro stood down in 2008, writing: It would betray my conscience to take up a responsibility that requires mobility and total love, that I am not in a physical condition to offer. To be fair, he was nearly 90. There has been much supposition since that Fidel suffers from diverticulitis, a digestive illnes in which pouches within the large bowel wall become inflamed; Havana has not confirmed this. Quite perhaps, Castro worries that Americans are still trying subtle techniques to kill him. In March, following Barack Obamas Cuban visit, Castro wrote that the US presidents words were so sugary, he feared he was going to have a heart attack.

Theresa May( 1956 -)

May earlier this month. Photograph: Will Oliver/ EPA

In 2012, the then home secretary went to her doctor about a heavy cold because she feared that it could develop into bronchitis, as had happened to her husband. Instead, she was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, which she manages with four insulin injections a day. I would like the message to get across that it doesnt change what you can do, she told one interviewer.

The fact is that you can still do whatever you want to do. For example, on holiday my husband and I do a lot of quite strenuous strolling up mountains in Switzerland, and it doesnt stop me doing it. I can still do things like that and can still do the job.

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